The Cross of Lorraine
The Cross of Lorraine (8.) is exactly the same as the Patriarchal Cross and in Spain is known as the Cruz de Lorena. The Patriarchal Cross is the heraldic emblem of an archbishop. It was used by the Knights Templar and was superimposed on the French flag to denote the Banner for Free French Forces in WWII. The Cross of Lorraine is also associated with various health organisations notably the International Union Against Tuberculosis.
Patte or Formee
Various Crosses are generated from the original heraldic style of Patte or Formee (9.). Pattee is the French for paw and refers to crosses with splayed arm ends. A common variation is to have the splayed arms meet in the center as triangles and this is well described by a collection of crosses under the title Maltese Crosses (10.). In heraldry triangles refer to arrows so designs with many triangles will surely point to the use of archers.
Rosy Cross and Rosicrucian Cross
The Rosy Cross happens to contain ancient occult phallic symbols; the rose representing female and the cross, male. It was created to honour a German nobleman and former monk named Christian Rosenkreuz (1378-1484). He considered that he could experience God better through nature rather than a person elected by mankind, i.e. the Pope. For 2 centuries the Fratres Rosea Crucis kept their sect secret. However in the 17thC France the intelligencia and educated population of the time discovered it and it became very popular in the times of Louis XIV. In the 18thC some Freemasons aligned themselves to Rosicrucianism and incorporated the Rosy cross into their emblem.
Regnas Heraldic Cross Designs
All these and many other crosses or elements of them can be found in heraldic designs. We find that the variety makes for a rich resource for our ring, cuff link and pendant designs. We often incorporate crosses into our custom designs. I have introduced you briefly to a few of them here and am grateful to http://www.seiyaku.com/customs/crosses/index-all.html for providing a well documented directory of crosses.